- Download our Moving to Egypt Guide (PDF)
The weather in Egypt will allow expats to take long johns and winter jackets off the packing list. The country is situated nearly entirely in the Sahara Desert, except for the narrow strip of coastline that borders the Mediterranean, and the climate is therefore hot and dry pretty much year-round.
The blistering heat of summer (June to August) is slightly more tolerable in the coastal region, but the average maximum temperature in this area is still 86°F (30°C). Expats living inland will experience much hotter summer temperatures, with 104°F (40°C) being standard in the warmest areas, such as Aswan and Luxor. In winter, temperatures fall back down to a more bearable 64°F (18°C) to 79°F (26°C), and this time of the year also brings rainfall to the coast.
Expats should note that, typical of a desert climate, nighttime temperatures in Egypt can drop considerably despite the intensity of the heat during the day. This is especially true of mountainous areas, and expats should be sure to have some light but warm layers on hand.
One unique component of the weather in Egypt is the khamsin. This hot spring wind begins to sweep across northern Africa towards the end of March and peaks over April and into May, lasting about 50 days. High winds pick up sand and dust, which tend to irritate eyes and obscure visibility. These winds are largely responsible for the drastic increase in temperature in some cities during this time of year. The khamsin can cause temperatures to soar as high as 113°F (45°C), and this can make conditions especially dangerous.
The weather in Egypt can be difficult to adjust to, and expats should take measures to stay hydrated. It is important to drink only bottled water, though, as tap water is not safe to drink everywhere in the country. Sunscreen and light, breathable clothing are also recommended, and if possible, it's best to stay indoors during the hottest hours of the day.
What do expats say about the weather in Egypt?
"The things I enjoy most about Cairo are the sunny weather and the many child-friendly places to visit." Learn more about living in Egypt in our interview with British expat Sam.
►Learn about adjusting to life in Egypt with our guide to Culture Shock in Egypt
Are you an expat living in Egypt?
Expat Arrivals is looking for locals to contribute to this guide, and answer forum questions from others planning their move to Egypt. Please contact us if you'd like to contribute.
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