- Download our Moving to Bahrain Guide (PDF)
Expats anticipating doing business in Bahrain will find an environment that's well acquainted with foreign influence, and arguably the most liberal in the Middle East. Although more than 50 percent of Bahrain's population is made up of foreigners, the country takes its mandate from Islam, so expats will need to familiarise themselves with appropriate customs and practices.
Usually Sunday to Thursday from 8am or 9am to 5.30pm or 6pm. This can vary from company to company though, especially when it comes to multinational corporations.
Arabic is Bahrain's official language, but English is commonly spoken and is often used in business.
Business attire is formal and conservative.
Small gifts are acceptable. Gifts aren't opened in the presence of the giver and are typically saved for later.
A handshake is the most common greeting. When a man greets a woman, he should wait for her to extend her hand first.
Men and women are treated equally in business.
Business culture in Bahrain
Business moves slowly in Bahrain, and any attempt to rush it is considered improper. Similar to most Arab countries, business culture in Bahrain is based on personal relationships.
A letter of introduction from a mutual acquaintance is a great way to facilitate meetings, as Bahrainis generally prefer doing business with people they know. It follows that initial meetings focus on building a relationship rather than hammering out details.
Business attire in Bahrain is strictly formal. No matter how hot the weather, a suit and tie are mandatory. Women should dress modestly, keeping arms and legs covered at all times and wear closed-toed shoes. Local businessmen may wear Western attire or a thobe, a flowing robe seen at nearly every type of occasion.
It's important to use formal titles when addressing local businesspeople. Business language tends to be indirect, and care is taken to save face and avoid disappointing others with flat refusals. It is considered impolite to fast-track discussions or openly contradict another person.
Dos and don’ts of business in Bahrain
- Do always wear a suit and tie
- Don't rush into business talk
- Do arrive on time, though locals may be late
- Don't use high-pressure sales tactics
- Do have one side of a business card translated into Arabic
- Don't schedule meetings for July and August when many businesspeople are out of town
What do expats say about business culture in Bahrain?
"It’s a work hard ethic, people here seem much more dedicated to their work than in the UK but they also play hard and everyone is positive." Learn more about working in Bahrain in Susie's interview.
"There is definitely a results/output based focus, although most people seem fairly relaxed about their job roles." Read about John, an Australian expat, and his move to Bahrain in his Expat Arrivals interview.
► Banking, Money and Taxes in Bahrain has more information on expat money matters in the Kingdom
Are you an expat living in Bahrain?
Expat Arrivals is looking for locals to contribute to this guide, and answer forum questions from others planning their move to Bahrain. Please contact us if you'd like to contribute.
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