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An increasingly attractive option for expats, Oman is a culturally-rich and environmentally-diverse Gulf state that lies on the southeastern shores of the Arabian Peninsula and showcases 1,060 miles (1,700km) of sunny shoreline. Its coastal geography affords relaxing boat trips, fresh air and seafood while the expansive desert dunes take one's breath away. Hearing about a move to Oman may come with many questions, but expats are guaranteed a financially and culturally rewarding experience.
Living in Oman as an expat
Oman is a gentle introduction to the Middle East as it is among the safest, most stable countries in the Gulf region with high-quality healthcare facilities. Expats make up a large proportion of Oman’s population, and Omanis are known to be warm and welcoming to all.
Oman has emerged as a major economic player in the Gulf region and is a prime example of what can be achieved when petrodollars are wisely invested in a country's infrastructure. That said, expats thinking of moving to Oman may be concerned about Omanisation and strict work-visa laws that aim to reduce the country's reliance on foreign labour. But fear not – for now, job opportunities for skilled expats still abound and should be taken advantage of while the going is good.
Oman is one of the most progressive countries in the Gulf and women play a more active and visible role in society. Female expats report feeling comfortable and respected in their vocational pursuits. Still, there may be some culture shock as it is a staunchly Islamic state and expats should adapt their behaviour to ensure that they remain in the good graces of Omani society.
The heat is a major element to consider, but luckily Omani accommodation affords a cool and comfortable refuge from the sun, and air-conditioning is abundant. Buses, the local public transport, are also air conditioned, and those driving their own vehicles should make sure this is a feature before buying or renting, as it is one they will certainly not be able to do without.
Cost of living in Oman
Oman's cost of living is relatively low, and expats will be able to afford a decent quality of life in the country. Those who are reluctant to make the move can draw further encouragement from the promise of high salaries and low taxes. With the affordable cost of living and Omani employers' penchant for providing attractive expat packages, seeking employment in Oman is a smart and lucrative move for many expats.
Expat family and children
Omani society is known to be open and tolerant and the locals typically have a determinedly friendly nature. Knowing this is comforting to women and to expat families with children who hope to settle smoothly into a new school. While local schools typically have a high standard of education, expat parents tend to opt for one of the excellent international schools in Oman.
Expat families will certainly enjoy exploring the array of unique sights and attractions in Oman. Beyond the country's fascinating landscape, there is plenty to see and do in Oman. A shopper's paradise, the capital city of Muscat has many open-air markets full of wonderful things to buy and offer interesting cultural interactions. Alternatively, Muscat's Corniche is a popular hangout for foreigners and locals alike, while the adventurous can head into Oman's interior to visit ancient castles and forts, or try their hand at sand boarding.
Climate in Oman
Oman is a tropical desert, with high temperatures and humidity all year round. The country experiences a dry and a rainy season. Temperatures can reach above 122ºF (50°C) at certain times of the year, and the occasional tropical cyclone is also something to be aware of. Some may be discouraged by the heat and the idea of relocating to the desert – perhaps picturing a barren, desolate and depressing landscape – but the same people are often pleasantly surprised by Oman's interesting topography.
We advise expats to have an open mind, see challenges not as hardships, but as opportunities to learn about a culture different to their own and to develop their cultural sensitivity and interpersonal skills. Go with the flow and expats will soon learn that the lifestyle is relaxed and easy-going.
Population: About 5.3 million
Capital city: Muscat
Neighbouring countries: Oman is situated at the mouth of the Persian Gulf, and is bordered by the United Arab Emirates to the northwest, Saudi Arabia to the west, and Yemen to the southwest.
Geography: Oman sits at the confluence of the Persian Gulf and the Arabian Sea. Much of the country is covered by sandy desert, which makes up over 80 percent of the landmass. In the north, a narrow and fertile coastal plain fronts the Gulf of Oman and from there the land rises into the rugged Hajar Mountains.
Political system: Unitary parliamentary absolute monarchy
Main languages: Arabic and English
Major religions: Islam
Money: The Omani Rial (OMR) is the official currency. It is divided into 1,000 baisa. Oman has an established banking system with both local and international banks offering services for expats. It is easy and straightforward for expats to open a bank account.
Tipping: Not necessarily expected, but adding a 10 percent service charge in restaurants, if not given, and rounding up taxi fare is highly appreciated.
Time: GMT +4
Electricity: 240 V, 50 Hz. British-style three-point bladed plugs ('type G' plugs)
International dialling code: +968
Internet domain: .om
Emergency numbers: 9999
Transport and driving: Oman doesn't have an extensive public transport system and most expats choose to own a vehicle. Cars drive on the right side of the road.
►For more about the ups and downs of life in the country, see Pros and Cons of Moving to Oman
"If you can imagine Los Angeles with a Middle Eastern twist – that’s Muscat. It is a city with beautiful beaches, palm trees and fresh sea air." British expat Jenny relocated to Oman in 2011. She shares her insight and experiences of life in Oman.
"The quality of life is brilliant, the sunshine makes life so much easier!" Heather relocated from Scotland to Oman with her husband and German Shepard. Read more about her experiences in Oman.
Are you an expat living in Oman?
Expat Arrivals is looking for locals to contribute to this guide, and answer forum questions from others planning their move to Oman. Please contact us if you'd like to contribute.
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